[v5,2/4] vm: add a syscall to map a process memory into a pipe

Submitted by Mike Rapoport on Jan. 9, 2018, 6:30 a.m.

Details

Message ID 1515479453-14672-3-git-send-email-rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com
State New
Series "vm: add a syscall to map a process memory into a pipe"
Headers show

Commit Message

Mike Rapoport Jan. 9, 2018, 6:30 a.m.
From: Andrei Vagin <avagin@virtuozzo.com>

It is a hybrid of process_vm_readv() and vmsplice().

vmsplice can map memory from a current address space into a pipe.
process_vm_readv can read memory of another process.

A new system call can map memory of another process into a pipe.

ssize_t process_vmsplice(pid_t pid, int fd, const struct iovec *iov,
                        unsigned long nr_segs, unsigned int flags)

All arguments are identical with vmsplice except pid which specifies a
target process.

Currently if we want to dump a process memory to a file or to a socket,
we can use process_vm_readv() + write(), but it works slow, because data
are copied into a temporary user-space buffer.

A second way is to use vmsplice() + splice(). It is more effective,
because data are not copied into a temporary buffer, but here is another
problem. vmsplice works with the currect address space, so it can be
used only if we inject our code into a target process.

The second way suffers from a few other issues:
* a process has to be stopped to run a parasite code
* a number of pipes is limited, so it may be impossible to dump all
  memory in one iteration, and we have to stop process and inject our
  code a few times.
* pages in pipes are unreclaimable, so it isn't good to hold a lot of
  memory in pipes.

The introduced syscall allows to use a second way without injecting any
code into a target process.

My experiments shows that process_vmsplice() + splice() works two time
faster than process_vm_readv() + write().

It is particularly useful for iterative migration. In those cases we enable
a memory tracker, and then we are dumping  a process memory while a process
continues to work. On the first iteration we are dumping all memory, and
then we are dumpung only memory that was modified from the previous
iteration.  After a few pre-dump operations, a process is stopped and
dumped finally. The pre-dump operations allow to significantly decrease a
process downtime, when a process is migrated to another host.

The primary disadvantage of the process_vm_readv() + write() approach for
the iterative migration usecase is the need to stop the processes with, e.g.
ptrace, and inject parasite code. And, since the the number of pipes and
their size is limited, we either have to limit the dump size to about 1.5GB
or to keep the target processes stopped. The process_vmsplice system call
allows splicing memory without the parasite code and even without stopping
target processes.

This system call maybe usefult for debuggers. For example, a debugger can
use it to generate a core file, it can splice memory of a process into a
pipe and then splice it from the pipe to a file. This method works much
faster than using PTRACE_PEEK* commands.

Debuggers may also use process_vmsplice() to observe memory changes in a
process page. process_vmsplice() attaches a real process page to a pipe, so
we can splice it once and observe how it is being changed over time.

The process_vmsplice syscall might be of interest for users of
process_vm_readv(), in case if they read memory to send it to somewhere
else.

Signed-off-by: Andrei Vagin <avagin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 fs/splice.c                       | 205 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/compat.h            |   3 +
 include/linux/syscalls.h          |   4 +
 include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h |   5 +-
 kernel/sys_ni.c                   |   2 +
 5 files changed, 218 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Patch hide | download patch | download mbox

diff --git a/fs/splice.c b/fs/splice.c
index 7f1ffc50ff1d..72397d2a59b9 100644
--- a/fs/splice.c
+++ b/fs/splice.c
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/socket.h>
 #include <linux/compat.h>
 #include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
 
 #include "internal.h"
 
@@ -1373,6 +1374,210 @@  SYSCALL_DEFINE4(vmsplice, int, fd, const struct iovec __user *, iov,
 	return error;
 }
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_CROSS_MEMORY_ATTACH
+/*
+ * Map pages from a specified task into a pipe
+ */
+static int remote_single_vec_to_pipe(struct task_struct *task,
+			struct mm_struct *mm,
+			const struct iovec *rvec,
+			struct pipe_inode_info *pipe,
+			unsigned int flags,
+			size_t *total)
+{
+	struct pipe_buffer buf = {
+		.ops = &user_page_pipe_buf_ops,
+		.flags = flags
+	};
+	unsigned long addr = (unsigned long) rvec->iov_base;
+	unsigned long pa = addr & PAGE_MASK;
+	unsigned long start_offset = addr - pa;
+	unsigned long nr_pages;
+	ssize_t len = rvec->iov_len;
+	struct page *process_pages[16];
+	bool failed = false;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	nr_pages = (addr + len - 1) / PAGE_SIZE - addr / PAGE_SIZE + 1;
+	while (nr_pages) {
+		long pages = min(nr_pages, 16UL);
+		int locked = 1;
+		ssize_t copied;
+
+		/*
+		 * Get the pages we're interested in.  We must
+		 * access remotely because task/mm might not
+		 * current/current->mm
+		 */
+		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+		pages = get_user_pages_remote(task, mm, pa, pages, 0,
+					      process_pages, NULL, &locked);
+		if (locked)
+			up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+		if (pages <= 0) {
+			failed = true;
+			ret = -EFAULT;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		copied = pages * PAGE_SIZE - start_offset;
+		if (copied > len)
+			copied = len;
+		len -= copied;
+
+		ret = pages_to_pipe(process_pages, pipe, &buf, total, copied,
+				    start_offset);
+		if (unlikely(ret < 0))
+			break;
+
+		start_offset = 0;
+		nr_pages -= pages;
+		pa += pages * PAGE_SIZE;
+	}
+	return ret < 0 ? ret : 0;
+}
+
+static ssize_t remote_iovec_to_pipe(struct task_struct *task,
+			struct mm_struct *mm,
+			const struct iovec *rvec,
+			unsigned long riovcnt,
+			struct pipe_inode_info *pipe,
+			unsigned int flags)
+{
+	size_t total = 0;
+	int ret = 0, i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < riovcnt; i++) {
+		/* Work out address and page range required */
+		if (rvec[i].iov_len == 0)
+			continue;
+
+		ret = remote_single_vec_to_pipe(
+				task, mm, &rvec[i], pipe, flags, &total);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			break;
+	}
+	return total ? total : ret;
+}
+
+static long process_vmsplice_to_pipe(struct task_struct *task,
+				struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *file,
+				const struct iovec __user *uiov,
+				unsigned long nr_segs, unsigned int flags)
+{
+	struct pipe_inode_info *pipe;
+	struct iovec iovstack[UIO_FASTIOV];
+	struct iovec *iov = iovstack;
+	unsigned int buf_flag = 0;
+	long ret;
+
+	if (flags & SPLICE_F_GIFT)
+		buf_flag = PIPE_BUF_FLAG_GIFT;
+
+	pipe = get_pipe_info(file);
+	if (!pipe)
+		return -EBADF;
+
+	ret = rw_copy_check_uvector(CHECK_IOVEC_ONLY, uiov, nr_segs,
+					UIO_FASTIOV, iovstack, &iov);
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	pipe_lock(pipe);
+	ret = wait_for_space(pipe, flags);
+	if (!ret)
+		ret = remote_iovec_to_pipe(task, mm, iov,
+						nr_segs, pipe, buf_flag);
+	pipe_unlock(pipe);
+	if (ret > 0)
+		wakeup_pipe_readers(pipe);
+
+	if (iov != iovstack)
+		kfree(iov);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/* process_vmsplice splices a process address range into a pipe. */
+SYSCALL_DEFINE5(process_vmsplice, int, pid, int, fd,
+		const struct iovec __user *, iov,
+		unsigned long, nr_segs, unsigned int, flags)
+{
+	struct task_struct *task;
+	struct mm_struct *mm;
+	struct fd f;
+	long ret;
+
+	if (unlikely(flags & ~SPLICE_F_ALL))
+		return -EINVAL;
+	if (unlikely(nr_segs > UIO_MAXIOV))
+		return -EINVAL;
+	else if (unlikely(!nr_segs))
+		return 0;
+
+	f = fdget(fd);
+	if (!f.file)
+		return -EBADF;
+
+	/* Get process information */
+	task = find_get_task_by_vpid(pid);
+	if (!task) {
+		ret = -ESRCH;
+		goto out_fput;
+	}
+
+	mm = mm_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_REALCREDS);
+	if (!mm || IS_ERR(mm)) {
+		ret = IS_ERR(mm) ? PTR_ERR(mm) : -ESRCH;
+		/*
+		 * Explicitly map EACCES to EPERM as EPERM is a more a
+		 * appropriate error code for process_vw_readv/writev
+		 */
+		if (ret == -EACCES)
+			ret = -EPERM;
+		goto put_task_struct;
+	}
+
+	ret = -EBADF;
+	if (f.file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)
+		ret = process_vmsplice_to_pipe(task, mm, f.file,
+						iov, nr_segs, flags);
+	mmput(mm);
+
+put_task_struct:
+	put_task_struct(task);
+
+out_fput:
+	fdput(f);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE5(process_vmsplice, pid_t, pid, int, fd,
+			const struct compat_iovec __user *, iov32,
+			unsigned int, nr_segs, unsigned int, flags)
+{
+	struct iovec __user *iov;
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	if (nr_segs > UIO_MAXIOV)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	iov = compat_alloc_user_space(nr_segs * sizeof(struct iovec));
+	for (i = 0; i < nr_segs; i++) {
+		struct compat_iovec v;
+
+		if (get_user(v.iov_base, &iov32[i].iov_base) ||
+		    get_user(v.iov_len, &iov32[i].iov_len) ||
+		    put_user(compat_ptr(v.iov_base), &iov[i].iov_base) ||
+		    put_user(v.iov_len, &iov[i].iov_len))
+			return -EFAULT;
+	}
+	return sys_process_vmsplice(pid, fd, iov, nr_segs, flags);
+}
+#endif
+#endif /* CONFIG_CROSS_MEMORY_ATTACH */
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
 COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(vmsplice, int, fd, const struct compat_iovec __user *, iov32,
 		    unsigned int, nr_segs, unsigned int, flags)
diff --git a/include/linux/compat.h b/include/linux/compat.h
index 0fc36406f32c..11b375319289 100644
--- a/include/linux/compat.h
+++ b/include/linux/compat.h
@@ -550,6 +550,9 @@  asmlinkage long compat_sys_getdents(unsigned int fd,
 				    unsigned int count);
 asmlinkage long compat_sys_vmsplice(int fd, const struct compat_iovec __user *,
 				    unsigned int nr_segs, unsigned int flags);
+asmlinkage long compat_sys_process_vmsplice(pid_t pid, int fd,
+				    const struct compat_iovec __user *,
+				    unsigned int nr_segs, unsigned int flags);
 asmlinkage long compat_sys_open(const char __user *filename, int flags,
 				umode_t mode);
 asmlinkage long compat_sys_openat(int dfd, const char __user *filename,
diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
index a78186d826d7..4ba93336bf05 100644
--- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
+++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
@@ -941,4 +941,8 @@  asmlinkage long sys_pkey_free(int pkey);
 asmlinkage long sys_statx(int dfd, const char __user *path, unsigned flags,
 			  unsigned mask, struct statx __user *buffer);
 
+asmlinkage long sys_process_vmsplice(pid_t pid,
+			int fd, const struct iovec __user *iov,
+			unsigned long nr_segs, unsigned int flags);
+
 #endif
diff --git a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
index 8b87de067bc7..37f18320ae94 100644
--- a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
+++ b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
@@ -732,9 +732,12 @@  __SYSCALL(__NR_pkey_alloc,    sys_pkey_alloc)
 __SYSCALL(__NR_pkey_free,     sys_pkey_free)
 #define __NR_statx 291
 __SYSCALL(__NR_statx,     sys_statx)
+#define __NR_process_vmsplice 292
+__SC_COMP(__NR_process_vmsplice, sys_process_vmsplice,
+	  compat_sys_process_vmsplice)
 
 #undef __NR_syscalls
-#define __NR_syscalls 292
+#define __NR_syscalls 293
 
 /*
  * All syscalls below here should go away really,
diff --git a/kernel/sys_ni.c b/kernel/sys_ni.c
index b5189762d275..a939fbb92d9e 100644
--- a/kernel/sys_ni.c
+++ b/kernel/sys_ni.c
@@ -158,8 +158,10 @@  cond_syscall(sys_sysfs);
 cond_syscall(sys_syslog);
 cond_syscall(sys_process_vm_readv);
 cond_syscall(sys_process_vm_writev);
+cond_syscall(sys_process_vmsplice);
 cond_syscall(compat_sys_process_vm_readv);
 cond_syscall(compat_sys_process_vm_writev);
+cond_syscall(compat_sys_process_vmsplice);
 cond_syscall(sys_uselib);
 cond_syscall(sys_fadvise64);
 cond_syscall(sys_fadvise64_64);