[RFC,v8,06/10] namei: LOOKUP_IN_ROOT: chroot-like path resolution

Submitted by Aleksa Sarai on May 20, 2019, 1:33 p.m.


Message ID 20190520133305.11925-7-cyphar@cyphar.com
State New
Series "namei: resolveat(2) path resolution restrictions"
Headers show

Commit Message

Aleksa Sarai May 20, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
The primary motivation for the need for this flag is container runtimes
which have to interact with malicious root filesystems in the host
namespaces. One of the first requirements for a container runtime to be
secure against a malicious rootfs is that they correctly scope symlinks
(that is, they should be scoped as though they are chroot(2)ed into the
container's rootfs) and ".."-style paths[*]. The already-existing
LOOKUP_XDEV and LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS help defend against other potential
attacks in a malicious rootfs scenario.

Currently most container runtimes try to do this resolution in
userspace[1], causing many potential race conditions. In addition, the
"obvious" alternative (actually performing a {ch,pivot_}root(2))
requires a fork+exec (for some runtimes) which is *very* costly if
necessary for every filesystem operation involving a container.

[*] At the moment, ".." and magic-link jumping are disallowed for the
    same reason it is disabled for LOOKUP_BENEATH -- currently it is not
    safe to allow it. Future patches may enable it unconditionally once
    we have resolved the possible races (for "..") and semantics (for
    magic-link jumping).

The most significant *at(2) semantic change with LOOKUP_IN_ROOT is that
absolute pathnames no longer cause dirfd to be ignored completely. The
rationale is that LOOKUP_IN_ROOT must necessarily chroot-scope symlinks
with absolute paths to dirfd, and so doing it for the base path seems to
be the most consistent behaviour (and also avoids foot-gunning users who
want to scope paths that are absolute).

[1]: https://github.com/cyphar/filepath-securejoin

Co-developed-by: Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io>
Signed-off-by: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
 fs/namei.c            | 6 +++---
 include/linux/namei.h | 1 +
 2 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

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diff --git a/fs/namei.c b/fs/namei.c
index f997c82eb9c2..d18671a06bdb 100644
--- a/fs/namei.c
+++ b/fs/namei.c
@@ -1137,7 +1137,7 @@  const char *get_link(struct nameidata *nd, bool trailing)
 			if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS))
 				return ERR_PTR(-ELOOP);
 			/* Not currently safe. */
-			if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_BENEATH))
+			if (unlikely(nd->flags & (LOOKUP_BENEATH | LOOKUP_IN_ROOT)))
 				return ERR_PTR(-EXDEV);
 			 * For trailing_symlink we check whether the symlink's
@@ -1827,7 +1827,7 @@  static inline int handle_dots(struct nameidata *nd, int type)
 		 * cause our parent to have moved outside of the root and us to skip
 		 * over it.
-		if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_BENEATH))
+		if (unlikely(nd->flags & (LOOKUP_BENEATH | LOOKUP_IN_ROOT)))
 			return -EXDEV;
 		if (!nd->root.mnt)
@@ -2378,7 +2378,7 @@  static const char *path_init(struct nameidata *nd, unsigned flags)
 	nd->m_seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock);
-	if (unlikely(nd->flags & LOOKUP_BENEATH)) {
+	if (unlikely(nd->flags & (LOOKUP_BENEATH | LOOKUP_IN_ROOT))) {
 		error = dirfd_path_init(nd);
 		if (unlikely(error))
 			return ERR_PTR(error);
diff --git a/include/linux/namei.h b/include/linux/namei.h
index 7bc819ad0cd3..4b1ee717cb14 100644
--- a/include/linux/namei.h
+++ b/include/linux/namei.h
 #define LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS	0x040000 /* No /proc/$pid/fd/ "symlink" crossing. */
 #define LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS	0x080000 /* No symlink crossing *at all*.
 					    Implies LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS. */
+#define LOOKUP_IN_ROOT		0x100000 /* Treat dirfd as %current->fs->root. */
 extern int path_pts(struct path *path);