[RH7,2/3] ms/signal: avoid double atomic counter increments for user accounting

Submitted by Vasily Averin on Dec. 30, 2020, 10:10 a.m.


Message ID 2f49a86a-4688-fc85-9562-d59d5ae8ac8a@virtuozzo.com
State New
Series "Series without cover letter"
Headers show

Commit Message

Vasily Averin Dec. 30, 2020, 10:10 a.m.
From: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

When queueing a signal, we increment both the users count of pending
signals (for RLIMIT_SIGPENDING tracking) and we increment the refcount
of the user struct itself (because we keep a reference to the user in
the signal structure in order to correctly account for it when freeing).

That turns out to be fairly expensive, because both of them are atomic
updates, and particularly under extreme signal handling pressure on big
machines, you can get a lot of cache contention on the user struct.
That can then cause horrid cacheline ping-pong when you do these
multiple accesses.

So change the reference counting to only pin the user for the _first_
pending signal, and to unpin it when the last pending signal is
dequeued.  That means that when a user sees a lot of concurrent signal
queuing - which is the only situation when this matters - the only
atomic access needed is generally the 'sigpending' count update.

This was noticed because of a particularly odd timing artifact on a
dual-socket 96C/192T Cascade Lake platform: when you get into bad
contention, on that machine for some reason seems to be much worse when
the contention happens in the upper 32-byte half of the cacheline.

As a result, the kernel test robot will-it-scale 'signal1' benchmark had
an odd performance regression simply due to random alignment of the
'struct user_struct' (and pointed to a completely unrelated and
apparently nonsensical commit for the regression).

Avoiding the double increments (and decrements on the dequeueing side,
of course) makes for much less contention and hugely improved
performance on that will-it-scale microbenchmark.

Quoting Feng Tang:

 "It makes a big difference, that the performance score is tripled! bump
  from original 17000 to 54000. Also the gap between 5.0-rc6 and
  5.0-rc6+Jiri's patch is reduced to around 2%"

[ The "2% gap" is the odd cacheline placement difference on that
  platform: under the extreme contention case, the effect of which half
  of the cacheline was hot was 5%, so with the reduced contention the
  odd timing artifact is reduced too ]

It does help in the non-contended case too, but is not nearly as

Reported-and-tested-by: Feng Tang <feng.tang@intel.com>
Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Cc: Huang, Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: Philip Li <philip.li@intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi.kleen@intel.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
(cherry picked from commit fda31c50292a5062332fa0343c084bd9f46604d9)
VvS: minor context changes
Signed-off-by: Vasily Averin <vvs@virtuozzo.com>
 kernel/signal.c | 23 ++++++++++++++---------
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

Patch hide | download patch | download mbox

diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
index 85b4b89..991726d 100644
--- a/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/kernel/signal.c
@@ -398,19 +398,24 @@  __sigqueue_alloc(int sig, struct task_struct *t, gfp_t flags, int override_rlimi
 	struct sigqueue *q = NULL;
 	struct user_struct *user;
+	int sigpending;
 	 * Protect access to @t credentials. This can go away when all
 	 * callers hold rcu read lock.
+	 *
+	 * NOTE! A pending signal will hold on to the user refcount,
+	 * and we get/put the refcount only when the sigpending count
+	 * changes from/to zero.
-	user = get_uid(__task_cred(t)->user);
-	atomic_inc(&user->sigpending);
+	user = __task_cred(t)->user;
+	sigpending = atomic_inc_return(&user->sigpending);
+	if (sigpending == 1)
+		get_uid(user);
-	if (override_rlimit ||
-	    atomic_read(&user->sigpending) <=
-			task_rlimit(t, RLIMIT_SIGPENDING)) {
+	if (override_rlimit || likely(sigpending <= task_rlimit(t, RLIMIT_SIGPENDING))) {
 		q = kmem_cache_alloc(sigqueue_cachep, flags);
 		if (q && ub_siginfo_charge(q, get_task_ub(t), flags)) {
 			kmem_cache_free(sigqueue_cachep, q);
@@ -421,8 +426,8 @@  __sigqueue_alloc(int sig, struct task_struct *t, gfp_t flags, int override_rlimi
 	if (unlikely(q == NULL)) {
-		atomic_dec(&user->sigpending);
-		free_uid(user);
+		if (atomic_dec_and_test(&user->sigpending))
+			free_uid(user);
 	} else {
 		q->flags = 0;
@@ -436,8 +441,8 @@  static void __sigqueue_free(struct sigqueue *q)
 	if (q->flags & SIGQUEUE_PREALLOC)
-	atomic_dec(&q->user->sigpending);
-	free_uid(q->user);
+	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&q->user->sigpending))
+		free_uid(q->user);
 	kmem_cache_free(sigqueue_cachep, q);